Open access models

Gold OA - publish in a free open access journal

Authors publish the paper in an open access journal; a journal which is free to readers. This strategy is known as Gold OA. While commercial journal publishers charge authors a fee for Gold OA, university-hosted open access journals are generally free to authors as well as readers. Most open access journals allow authors to retain copyright and articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC). A CC licence allows anyone to download, copy, reuse, and distribute the articles providing the original author and source are credited. This facilitates the widest possible dissemination of the research findings.

Green OA - deposit a copy in an open access repository

Authors can deposit the 'accepted manuscript' version of a published paper in a repository such as QUT ePrints or a subject repository such as SSRN. The accepted manuscript is the author's final draft which includes any revisions made as a result of peer review but does not include the publisher's branding, formatting, mark-up (links) or pagination. It is also known as the 'post print' version as it is 'post' peer review. Repository records are harvested by aggregator services that pool the content of multiple repositories into a single search interface. Examples include the National Library of Australia's Trove and BASE, the world's largest search interface for academic open access resources (which holds over 40 million records). This strategy, known as Green OA, is free and is the preferred option at QUT. While most journal publishers allow authors to do this, some do require an embargo period before the author version is made open access. Repositories generally manage this process and 'liberate' the full-text when the embargo expires.

Hybrid OA

Some subscription-based journals give authors the option to pay a fee to make the publisher-formatted version of their article open access via the journal website or publisher's website. This is known as Hybrid OA. However, because they are charging for Hybrid OA without reducing subscription prices, this model has been criticised for 'double-dipping' from the pool of money governments provide for research, leaving less money for other resources.